Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of concerns
It is important to tell apart interviews as a way of gathering interviewing and information as being a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two alternative methods are:
- observation, once the researcher himself is definitely an eyewitness for the event,
- dealing with documents, where in actuality the document means any product carrier containing texts and images.
Forms of interviews and their function
Interviews as a technique of information gathering in turn are divided in to:
- genre (for planning of text within the genre of interview),
- investigative (for information),
- reportage (to recognize the traits of an individual, then to reflect them into the text).
The reportage interview had been talked about within the chapter that is previous. About the investigative will learn into the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of the chapter is interview being a genre, being a method of text formatting by means of concerns from a interviewer while the responses associated with the interlocutor. custodia tab a 10 1 samsung In the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, in which the amount of concerns regarding the researcher is minimized (they generally are no at all), during the other pole – a conversation, as soon as the journalist not just asks concerns, but additionally speaks much with long arguments.
The fact that the meeting is a conversation, shows concerning the same amount of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion may be carried out with a journalist, by authority equal to the interlocutor, so your opinion of the journalist ended up being also interesting to visitors, while the opinion for the interlocutor. If a regular journalist speaks just as much or even more in an meeting as an interlocutor, this really is a sign of inadequate qualification.
Types of interviews with respect to the subject. Topic meeting
With respect to the topic, you will find three types of interviews:
Subject of the subject meeting is the state of things in almost any industry of activity. custodia telefono samsung galaxy j5 Frequently this is certainly a job interview with a professional, a genre of logical publicism. custodia tablet samsung tab a sm t 550 The interlocutor is interesting to your journalist exactly as much as he could be associated with this situation. As an example, a police tells how to protect a flat from thieves. The physician describes how to protect your self through the flu epidemic. custodia a libro note 4 samsung The monetary advisor makes a forecast just how long the crisis should be from the change. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on conditions that deviate through the interview topic, nor the personal lifetime of the interlocutor is of interest.
The dwelling associated with subject interview comprises of three parts. First, they show the interlocutor’s experience of the topic. custodia samsung tab 4 10 pollici Then there is a parsing associated with subject for the intended purpose of its presentation, clarification and evaluation. The interview that is subject utilizing the streamlining of the thing that was stated, summarizing, practical suggestions to visitors.
The hero of this interview that is subject additionally be an eyewitness or participant in the case. custodia samsung j5 2016 portafoglio This will be a given information interview, one of many news genres. The duty associated with journalist would be to learn whenever possible the important points and details of what took place.